Years of production :
1984 to 1992
Phase 1: 1984 to 1988
Gasoline 1995cc to 2849 cc
The Renault 25 is a 5-door hatchback and rear sedan model car designed and produced from 1984 to 1992 by the French manufacturer Renault .
The history of the Renault 25 begins on November 20 , 1983 .When it was released in 1984, the 25 represents on all plans a very clear progress compared to the 20 and 30 it replaces. The performance is largely competitive, with the V6 turbo Thanks to the excellent aerodynamics, consumption is among the lowest high-end models. Well-designed undercarriages, cured of the excessive flexibility of 20 and 30, offer a lively and healthy handling, barely tempered by a slight tendency to understeer and by strong torque effects on the V6 turbo. The comfort of the interior, clear, spacious and well soundproofed is first-rate even if the modern design of the dashboard (due to the Italian designer Marcello Gandini .The equipment includes the impulse control of the driver's window, speech synthesis and one of the first controls car radio steering wheel via the "satellite"..
Unfortunately for Renault , these ambitions will be wiped out by a manufacturing quality close to the catastrophic during the first three years of marketing. The multiplication of breakdowns (especially on the electronics side) and assembly faults of all kinds, combined with the casual attitude of an after-sales network A "limousine" version, extended by 25 cm , was designed by Heuliez and marketed between 1985 and 1986 , in particular adopted by the Presidency of the Republic . 832 vehicles were produced.
The 1988 facelift (new front, new rear lights, new interior materials, slightly revised front axle) and the arrival of more powerful engines will allow the Renault 25 to withstand the arrival of Peugeot 605 and Citroën XM in 1989 The end of the career comes in 1992 when sales are still at an honorable level, especially in 4 cylinders. Given the mixed commercial success.The good resistance of the body to corrosion (a first for Renault) and the robustness of the four-cylinder engines contributing to it. However, the age of models may include stiffness of defects such as difficulty closing rear doors or cracks windshield when put on jack .The Renault 25 stops on October 13, 1992 with 780 976 sold and last model out of the production lines. The GTS versions in PH1 and Turbo D in PH2 were the most sold variants. The Renault 25 partially served as a basis for the Renault Premier (now Eagle Premier and Dodge Monaco after the sale of American assets of Renault to Chrysler in 1987 ) in the United States . The Premier took over the doors and some mechanical parts of the 25 on a Renault 21 platform (chassis and suspension).
Its original line with a curved rear window called "bubble", due to the stylist Robert Opron , with the complicity of Gaston Juchet , aims to give the 25 the appearance of a sedan classic trunk to overcome the reluctance of customers to with regard to the hatchback on the external markets.
It is one of the first cars designed from the beginning to minimize the air resistance and thus reduce consumption. The TS model will even briefly hold the unofficial title of the world's most aerodynamic series car with a Cx(coefficient of penetration into the air) of 0.28 .The range has never featured all- wheel-drive models and all versions are front-wheel-drive.
The engines (4 cylinders in line or V6 ) are located longitudinally in front of the front axle.All Renault 25 were produced in the factory Renault in Sandouville near Havre .The average consumption is 7 to 13 liters per 100 km depending on the version. Its braking is provided by front discs and rear drums (on 4-cylinder models without ABS ) or front discs and rear discs for other versions. The dual circuit is servo-braked.
Renault 25 Technical details (1984-1992)
Production: 780 976 copys
Assembly plant: Sandouville
Engine fuel: Gasoline , diesel
Douvrin : 1 995 cm 3,2 165 cm 3
V6 PRV engine :2,664 cm 3,2 849 cm 3
Turbo engine: V6 GRP :2,458 cm 3
Diesel engines: Douvrin :2,068 cm 3,turbo Douvrin 2 068 cm 3
Engine position: Longitudinal Front Cantilever
Maximum power: From 64 to 205
Transmission: Manual 5 speed,Automatic 3 or 4 speed
Unloaded weight: From 1,120 to 1,475 kg
Maximum speed: From 155 to 233 km/h
Dimensions Length: Phase 1: 4,623 - Phase 2: 4,713 mm
Width: Phase 1: 1,772 - Phase 2: 1,767 mm
Height: Phase 1: 1,405 - Phase 2: 1,415 mm
wheelbase: 2,720 mm
Trunk volume: 442 or 1238, with lowered seats.
Five levels of equipment:
- Level 1: Basic model. Radio 2 x 6 W with optional steering wheel control (specially designed by Philips for the 25). Front projectors with simple optics.
- Level 2: Power steering, central locking of five doors, electric front windows in series. Side sill protection.
- Level 3: On-board computer with digital fuel gauge (petrol models), tinted windows , rear window wipers, light alloy wheels as standard. Radio 4 x 20 W with steering wheel, ABS and optional air conditioning .
- Level 4: Radio 4 x 20 W , 4 window regulators (with impulse control of the driver's window) and electric mirrors in series. Front projectors with double optics.
- 5 (Baccarat) Climate control, leather interior (brown or dark gray), ABS, adjustable front seats 7 positions, headrest adjustable back and veneers magnifying glass of elm (on against door and shift) in series.
Motorizations, from 64 to 205 hp:
- Essence (in France unless otherwise indicated):
- " Douvrin engine " 2- liter 8-valve carburettor, 103 hp: TS (1984-90 model year, equipment level 1) and GTS (AM 1984-92, level 2). Choice without supplement of a mechanical gearbox 5 speeds "short" (9 hp tax in France, 190 km / h in 5 e ) or "long" (7 hp, 190 km / h in 4 e , 187 km / h in 5 e ).
- " Douvrin engine " 2 liters 8 injection valves, 120 hp, 195 km / h : TX (from March 1987, level 2) and TXE (AM 1990, level 3). Performance: 1,000m standing start in 31.7s in 120 hp.
- " Douvrin engine " 2 liters 12 injection valves, 140 hp (136 hp in catalyzed version), 205 km / h : TI (AM 1990-91, level 3) and TXI (AM 1989-92, level 4).
- " Douvrin engine " 2.2 liters 8 injection valves, 123 hp and 126 hp after 09/1986 (110 hp in catalyzed version available for export until 1992), 195 km / h ( 191 km / h with box car 3-speed and 4-speed automatic transmission optional in 1988), in Phase 2 with 5 NG3 gearbox with cable clutch, top speed 200 km / h : GTX (AM 1984-89 in France, level 3, AM 1990-92 to export, level 4).
- " V6 PRV engine " 2.7 liters 12 injection valves, 144 hp, 201 km / h ( 196 km / h with 3-speed gearbox): V6 Injection (AM 1984-87, level 4).
- " V6 PRV engine " 2.8 liters 12 injection valves (staggered crank pins to restore a regular ignition cycle), 160 hp (153 catalyzed version), 210 km / h (205 in 4-speed gearbox). TX V6 models (AM 1990-91, Level 3), V6 Injection (AM 1988-92, Level 4), and Baccara V6 Injection (AM 1988-91, Level 5).
- " V6 PRV engine " 2.5- liter turbo injection 12-valve, 182 hp, (AM 1985-90, level 4 plus grille, rims and steering wheel specific). Turbo Garrett T3 water cooled from 1987, boost pressure 0.75 bar, actual power between 188 and 194 hp (checked on bench). Performance at the best European level of the time in this segment: 28.5 seconds to 1000 m standing start and 227 km / h .
- " V6 PRV engine " 2.5- liter turbo injection 12 valves catalyzed, 205 hp, Turbo Garrett T3 low-inertia last generation, controlled supercharging, maximum pressure 0.87 bar, different camshafts, upper valve opening, maximum speed increased by 500 rpm, or 6000 rpm, angry sound, and improved flexibility. 210 HP actual power (checked on bench). Performance: 28 seconds per 1,000m standing start and 236km / h : V6 Turbo (AM 1990-92, level 4) and Baccara V6 Turbo (AM 1990-92, level 5).
- Diesel (in France unless otherwise indicated):
- " Douvrin engine " 2.1 liters, 8 atmospheric valves, 64 hp in phase 1 and 70 in phase 2 >> 155 km / h in PH1 and 165 km / h in PH2 according to the commercial catalogs of the time: TD (AM 1984-90, level 1) and GTD (AM 1989-92, level 2) 6 .
- " Douvrin engine " 2.1 liters, 8 valves turbocharged with air / air exchanger, oil fills on the cylinders, 85 hp, 172 km / h : Turbo-D (AM 1984-92, level 3) and Turbo-DX (AM 1984-92, level 4) 7 .
The Renault 25 has seen many special series, especially at the end of production, offering interesting price-equipment ratios:
In France :
- GTX ABS (06/1986): the Régie launches the production of 1500 GTX version with ABS option. Light alloy wheels with 5 attachments, rear-view mirrors, monogram "ABS" on the tailgate, right side, 3-spoke steering wheel type "V6 Turbo" with monogram "ABS". Available shade: "Havana". In February 1987, Renault launched the production of 1500 additional models, the color "Ash" adding to the catalog. This series was launched to celebrate the 300 000 e Renault 25 release in just 2 years (while the R20 and R30 took 8 months more)
- Manager (05/1987): The Manager series is produced at 4000 units in GTS, TX and GTD versions. Condemnation of remote doors ("Plip"), leather steering wheel, tinted windows, spoiler, rear wiper. Blue velvet interior. Available shades: "Storm blue", "Silver gray". Two-tone lateral thread with "Manager" inscription. The production was relaunched by 3500 copies in March 1988 and extended to Turbo-D versions, with mirrors ton box, and the shade "Blue Storm" is removed to make room for the shades "gray tungsten" and "brown Arabica".
- Fairway (09/1987): special series based on TX, GTX and V6 Injection versions. Double headlights (V6 Injection), leather armrests, tinted windows, rear wiper, leather steering wheel. The V6 Injection features a chrome frame grille and off-center logo. Available shade: "Prussian blue". The Fairway series is updated in February 1990, on the TX, TXE, TI, TXI, TX V6 and Turbo-D versions: the front fog lights are standard, and the colors of the "Camargue" series are available. The Fairway is declined in Italy under the name "Limited", and in Great Britain under the name "Monaco".
- Auteuil (03/1989): series based on TS and TD versions. Power steering, tinted windows. Available shades: "Ozone blue", "Antique beige" or "Mint green" with purple and gold two-tone mesh, or "Prussian blue", "Arabica brown" or "Tungsten gray", with green and gold two-tone net. A marking "Auteuil" is affixed on the tailgate, right side.
- Meribel (09/1990): Available for GTS, TX, TI, TX V6, GTD and Turbo-D versions. Standard ABS system, "Galaxie" 7-spoke light-alloy wheels, rear-view mirrors. Logo "Meribel" affixed to the tailgate, right side.
- Camargue (10/1990): Available for GTS, TX, TX V6, GTD and Turbo-D versions. Dressed armrests, "Galaxie" rims, tinted windows, rear-view mirrors, fog lights in the front. Available shades: "Antique beige", "Prussian blue", "Ozone blue", "Tungsten gray", "Silver gray", "Titian red" and "Tyrol green", with a "Camargue" gold or blue side mesh "on the back doors.
- Beverly (02/1991): on GTS, TX, TI, GTD and Turbo-D versions. Rims "Galaxie", fog lights in the front, mirrors your body, dashboard imitation leather. Available shades: "Ozone blue", "Tungsten gray", "Iceberg gray", "Persian red" and "Tyrol green". Badge "Beverly" affixed to the tailgate, right side.
- Courchevel (from July 1991): all Renault 25 versions GTS, TX, GTD and Turbo-D are equipped with front foglamps, "Galaxie" wheels (except GTS and GTD), imitation leather dashboard. A "Courchevel" badge is affixed to the tailgate, right side. Some options are removed on the GTS and GTD versions.
- Olympic (11/1991): at the 1992 Winter Olympics in Albertville, Savoie, Renault launches an ultimate special series, drawn at 300 units. On a TXI base, the car displays a "Glacier White" body, "Galaxie" rims painted in white and an "Albertville 92" badge with the Olympic logo on the left-hand tailgate. The cabin is distinguished by its light gray leather seats with "electric blue" finish and regulated air conditioning.
- Manor : produced for the Netherlands in "Phase 2" only, this special series brings little to the car, if not fog lights in the front, electric front windows, "Plip". Available shades: "Antique beige", "white", "Prussian blue", "Ozone blue", "Tungsten gray", "Silver gray", "Titian red", "Cevennes gray" as well as a yellow lateral thread and purple, inscription "Manor" on the back doors.
- Monaco : Series limited to the Netherlands, Great Britain and Belgium for some models, based on GTS (since summer 1986) or TX after February 1987. This edition received a beige leather upholstery, a spoiler tone body, windows tinted mirrors, body mirrors and a leather-wrapped steering wheel. It was proposed in brown Havana replaced by Arabica brown on the last PH1 and PH2. Its denomination in Germany was Exclusiv and was only available in version 2.2 Douvrin with catalyzed pot, under the name TX
The Renault 25 Baccara
In October 1988, a particularly luxurious finish is available on the V6 Injection versions:This finish extended to V6 Turbo versions later. It offers standard: ABS, air conditioning with automatic regulation, cruise control, pack "Ergomatic" (memory and electrical adjustment of the driver's seat positions with airbags), headrest adjustable height, leather cover for clothing under the beach rear, leather seats "Amber" or "Ash", Alcantara trim doors, doors and shift knob decorated with elm burl, steering wheel 3-spoke leather signed "Baccarat". The dashboard is imitation leather. A fin and light alloy wheels "Baccarat" (BBS spoke spokes on V6 Turbo), as well as the monogram "Baccarat" on the uprights and tailgate are emerging. Available shades are "Arabica brown", "Tungsten gray", "Black Sherry burgundy", all embellished with a gold double side mesh.
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